Meme Stocks

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Jemma Grist
Jemma is a writer, editor and fact-checker focused on retail trading and investing. Jemma brings a unique perspective to the forex, stock, and cryptocurrency markets and works across several investment websites as a researcher and broker analyst.
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James Barra
James is an investment writer with a background in financial services. He has worked as a management consultant, where he delivered large-scale operational transformational programmes at some of Europe's biggest banks. James authors, edits and fact-checks content for a series of investing websites.
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William Berg
William contributes to several investment websites, leveraging his experience as a consultant for IPOs in the Nordic market and background providing localization for forex trading software. William has worked as a writer and fact-checker for a long row of financial publications.

Meme stocks have made headlines in recent years, with the excitement of seeing retail traders buck expectations to send select companies’ share price ‘to the moon’. This guide will explain how to get started meme stock trading, with a definition of the term, examples of popular stocks, and tips on how to trade these assets. Our experts have also compiled a list of the best meme stock brokers in 2024.

Top Meme Stock Brokers

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What Are Meme Stocks?

Meme stocks are assets – usually stocks of well-known companies – that become popular among retail traders on social media and wildly outperform expectations, potentially earning early investors a fortune in the process.

Market movements are usually influenced to a significant extent by big institutions – the banks, funds and similar bodies that have enough capital to make or break a company and whose actions are carefully observed by countless analysts and investors.

These organizations have the contacts, expertise and resources to pick the optimal times to enter and exit a position, meaning a huge advantage over retail traders.

However, the coming of meme stock trading bucked that trend.

GameStop – The Original Meme Stock

In 2020, meme-stock traders on online forums and blogs including Reddit’s r/WallStreetBets subreddit identified companies such as the video game outlet GameStop that they felt were undervalued and, crucially, which the big institutional money had bet against.

The market often tends to follow the bets made by those big firms, but in this case, the retail traders rushed to buy and held on for dear life, keeping GME’s stock buoyant. In January 2021 this led to a ‘short squeeze’ in which big firms such as Melvin Capital were forced to buy shares at market price to cover their short positions. This propelled the price even higher – GME’s price soared 1,500% to $347.51 per share in the two weeks up to January 27.

Price chart of GME meme stock

The GME short squeeze was one of the runaway market stories of the year, but retail traders managed to have similar success with some other meme stocks, including AMC Entertainment Holdings, which flew 300% to a peak of $20.36 in January 2021 after WallStreetBets traders declared their interest.

Other successful meme stocks of the period include BlackBerry Limited (BB), Tootsie Roll Industries Inc. (TR) and Build-A-Bear Workshop (BBW).

How Do Meme Stocks Work?

The question of how exactly meme stock trading works is quite complex, as it depends on psychology, social dynamics and other variables.

At the outset, GME was a stock that several well-informed retail traders viewed as being a good investment opportunity. This was not a mindless bandwagon – some of the early WallStreetBets investors such as Keith Gill (AKA DeepFuckingValue) had been investing in GME since 2019 and shared posts with extensive analysis of their reasoning, backed up by fundamental analysis.

But there are many undervalued companies out there and thousands of retail traders with the skills to identify them. GME’s takeoff is perhaps down to several other important factors besides Gill and his comrades’ analysis.

One thing that sparked mass interest was GME’s brand recognition. Many of the retail traders who sank their money in the stock had happy memories of visiting GameStop as children, and this contributed to the memes and social media posts that became ubiquitous as GME’s stock soared. Unlike most financial news, it was fun reading about enthusiastic amateurs getting rich from ‘stonks’. Everyone could relate to the humour in the GME memes, helping the message circulate widely and generating even more interest.

And, as the short squeeze took hold and the world watched GME fly to record highs, celebrities took note and further spread the story. Tesla CEO Elon Musk’s tweet ‘Gamestonk!!’ on January 26 came a day before the meme stock reached its record high, and the following day also saw the biggest 1-day rise in GME price – a massive 134% increase.

Finally, other variables created the conditions for GME’s stratospheric rise. The US government had made payments to all households to support citizens during the Covid-19 pandemic, and many people who were stuck at home with extra disposable cash decided to try trading stocks for the first time. This meant a huge injection of retail cash into the stock market, providing the necessary capital to counter downward pressure from institutional shorts.

In other words, there are at least three key factors to look for in potential meme stocks:

How To Pick Meme Stocks

Traders who hope to capitalize on the next wave of meme stocks need to keep their eyes peeled for shares in companies that are undervalued and have strong fundamentals. But what sets meme stocks apart from other trading is that you also need to be completely tuned in to social media if you hope to get in early.

Some of the most important sources of information on potential meme stocks include:

5 Key Meme Stocks

The range of meme stocks with the potential to take off this year is broad, but here are a few of the hot meme stocks today:

  1. Bed Bath & Beyond – The home merchandise store was a surprise hit in January 2023 as retail traders bet that it would experience a post-covid bounce-back from years of underperformance.
  2. Blackberry – Once a leading producer of business-focussed cellular devices, Blackberry has switched to security software since smartphones took over. However, the company still has a loyal following, boosting its credentials as a potentially lucrative meme stock.
  3. Palantir Technologies – Funded by PayPal co-founder and billionaire Peter Thiel, this company may not be a household name in the same way as GME or Nokia, but it has built a strong reputation as a data analytics company and is tipped as a contender by many meme-stock traders.
  4. Nokia – Another former frontrunner in the mobile phone sector, the Finnish company is tipped by some in the meme stock trading sphere to be on the way to reclaiming its throne.
  5. AMC – One of the best-performing companies from the first wave of meme stocks still has a large base of loyal retail backers and performed well in early 2023.



A term that originated in the cryptocurrency world, traders who hold their stock through periods of high volatility and despite warning signs are sometimes known as ‘hodlers’, or ‘diamond hands’.

The idea is to hang onto the stock, regardless of ups and downs, until it reaches its potential in a frenzy of meme stock trading like GME in January 2021.

Short Squeeze

Going short on a stock involves borrowing a security whose price you expect to fall and selling it now. Traders who go short aim to purchase the asset at a lower price later and pocket the difference. If the trader’s prediction is incorrect and the asset’s price rises, they will need to pay the difference.

A ‘short squeeze’ generally occurs when a large number of short positions are open on a stock whose price experiences a sudden, sharp rise, forcing traders and firms to close their short positions.

The influx of new buy orders from short sellers adds even more buying pressure onto the stock, and can send its price even higher. Before GME’s legendary run in 2021, about 140% of the company’s public stock had been shorted, leading to a massive amount of buying pressure from the short squeeze that sent the share price skyrocketing.

Traders looking for a potential short squeeze opportunity on a meme stock should look out for data on the number of shorted stocks. Do this by visiting the exchange where the stock is traded and reading their regular numbers reports. Alternatively, look out for Yahoo! Finance’s regular reports on the most shorted stocks, or you can search the site for a specific company and check for short interest on the statistics tab.

Nothing lasts forever, and meme stocks are prone to particularly sharp drops when the bubble bursts and the trading craze ends. If you miss a meme stock on the way up, you could try shorting the same stock once it looks overvalued.

This is a risky strategy as it is difficult to tell how long a buying frenzy will continue, but many traders look for ‘top signals’ – signs that the hype has reached its zenith, tons of retail money is coming in, and the big early investors are ready to take their profits.


Pros Of Meme Stock Trading

Cons Of Meme Stock Trading

How To Start Trading Meme Stocks

  1. Most meme stocks are established companies, so you should find a broker with access to major exchanges like the NASDAQ or NYSE (New York Stock Exchange)
  2. Derivatives like CFDs, options and spread betting can be used for trading meme stocks as they allow you to make leveraged trades without having to own the underlying asset
  3. Check TradingView and other sites to track the price history of potential meme stocks
  4. Keep an eye on the most shorted companies by following exchange data or searching for stock analysis on Yahoo! Finance
  5. Dive into social media sites to chat with others and share views on the latest meme stocks and other trading topics

Getting Started With A Broker

If you want to trade meme stocks, you should find reputable brokers with low fees and access to stocks on major exchanges.

The broker you choose will depend on your level of experience, the stocks you wish to trade, and many other factors including your country of residence.

It is a good move to choose meme stock brokers with a range of vehicles as this offers the flexibility to try different styles and strategies and to make money in varied market conditions.

Many traders prefer contracts for difference (CFDs) and similar derivative products that allow you to speculate on price movements without buying the underlying asset. Another advantage of these derivatives is the availability of leverage, which can greatly increase your trading power and maximize the profit you make trading meme stocks and other assets.

Meme Stocks Vs Cryptos

Trading meme stocks and cryptocurrency can bear a resemblance as both tend to ride waves of public interest to sharp price increases. Some of the most famous examples include the so-called ‘meme coins’ – Dogecoin and Shiba Inu, for example – which saw social media fervour and rounds of funny memes translate into jaw-dropping price increases.

One major difference between meme stocks and meme coins is that the stocks tend to be in companies that have already earned their place as household names. Price increases for meme coins, on the other hand, are usually tied much more closely to social media hype.

Bottom Line On Trading Meme Stocks

Meme stocks were one of the rare stories in trading history where retail traders got the better of big institutional money, and it’s no wonder that many dream of repeating that success. The power of social media makes that a possibility, as long as the market conditions are right and the company has a strong following. Traders should take care not to get swept up in emotion while trading meme-stocks, and take profits often to avoid missing golden opportunities.

Use our ranking of the best meme stock brokers to get started.


What Is The Meaning Of Meme Stocks?

Stocks that become popular and experience big price increases due to the power of social media are known as meme stocks. Often these stocks gain huge levels of support through humorous memes on Twitter, Reddit and other social media sites. They also tend to be from companies that are seen as undervalued, especially those which have a high amount of short interest.

Many people who are tuned into social media and enjoy following the latest trends take part in meme stock trading, and some have seen incredible returns by picking a meme stock before it takes off.

Is Meme Stock Trading Finished?

After meme stocks flew to public prominence in early 2021, they fell precipitously from their all-time highs later that year. But meme stocks are far from over, and Bed Bath & Beyond and some other popular meme stocks experienced significant rallies in early 2023, for instance.

How Do You Trade Meme Stocks?

Traders who want a piece of meme stock action will need to find a good broker that offers access to major exchanges such as the NASDAQ and NYSE. They should also get involved in online trading communities and keep their ear close to the ground – the key to making money from meme stocks is not just identifying good-value investments, but also finding the ones that have the potential to capture the social media zeitgeist through memes.

Is Trading Meme Stocks Legit?

There may have been some news headlines about market manipulation during GME’s epic rally in 2021, but meme stocks are a legitimate asset to trade. These are stocks of big, publicly traded companies on some of the world’s largest exchanges, and there is nothing wrong with discussing stocks and investments on public forums.

What Does A Meme In Stock Trading Mean?

Memes are images, pieces of text, videos or other content that spread rapidly and take hold of the public consciousness, typically through social media. In online trading, the most traded meme stocks are stocks in companies that gain wide publicity through the dissemination of memes.

The original and most famous meme stock was GameStop (GME), which made headlines in January 2021 after retail traders followed the memes to liquidate short positions and send its prices soaring 1,500%.